CORPHAD and METCOR ISTC projects
2005 (English)In: Proceedings of The first European Review Meeting on Severe Accident Research (ERMSAR-2005), 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
The ongoing CORPHAD Project (Phase Diagrams for Multicomponent SystemsContaining Corium and Products of its Interaction with NPP Materials) started in August2001. The main aim of the project is to experimentally determine the relevantphysicochemical data on phase diagrams of binary, ternary, quaternary and prototypic multicomponent systems, which are important for analysis and modelling of a severe accident (SA)and efficient planning of severe accident management (SAM) measures. The data should bedirectly used for the European NUCLEA database development and validation. The followingsystems are in the focus of the project: (1) UO2 – FeO, (2) ZrO2 – FeO, (3) SiO2– Fe2O3, (4)UO2 – SiO2, (5) UO2 – ZrO2-FeO, (6) UO2 – ZrO2-FeOy, (7) U-O-Fe, (8) Zr-O-Fe, (9) U-OZr, (10) U-Zr-Fe-O, (11) complex corium mixtures.The experimentally determined data of the listed diagrams include: coordinates ofcharacteristic points (eutectics, peritectics and others); liquidus and solidus concentrationcurves; component solubility limits in the solid phase; tie line coordinates and temperatureconcentration regions of the miscibility gap. Different methodologies are used for the phasediagram study. Classical methods of thermal analysis, like DTA and DSC are combined withmethods specifically developed for corium studies.The METCOR project (Investigation of Corium Melt Interaction with NPP ReactorVessel Steel) started in April 1999. The objectives of the project are to qualify and to quantifyphysico-chemical phenomena of corium melt interaction with reactor vessel steel cooled fromthe outside. The variable parameters of the interaction tests are: oxygen potential in thesystem, corium composition, interaction interface temperature and heat flux from corium tosteel. The medium scale tests with corium mass of about 2 kg are carried out by using highfrequency induction heating of the corium melt in a cold crucible.The METCOR & CORPHAD work-packages are performed by Russian partners inclose collaboration with leading European scientific institutes in the area of corium researchas well as with the European nuclear industry.This paper briefly describes the results obtained in both projects and their possibleapplication for SA analysis and SAM. The paper concludes with recommendations for futureresearch activities in the framework of METCOR and CORPHAD projects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-53726OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-53726DiVA: diva2:470755
The first European Review Meeting on Severe Accident Research (ERMSAR-2005) Aix-en-Provence, France, 14-16 November 2005