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The potential of synchronous communication to enhance participation in online discussions: A case study of two e-learning courses
Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9984-6561
2008 (English)In: Information and managment, ISSN 0378-7206, Vol. 45, no 7, 499-506 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Computer-mediated communication (CMC) has been adopted in most e-learning settings. However, few research studies have considered the effect of different CMC. This study examined how and why synchronous communication affected participation in online discussions. Two online classes that participated in two asynchronous and two synchronous online discussions were examined. Actual and perceived measures of participation indicated that synchronous communication induced personal participation. which could be regarded as a complement to cognitive participation. Personal participation involves more intense interaction better supported by synchronous communication while cognitive participation is a more reflective type of participation supported by asynchronous communication. In synchronous discussions, the e-learners felt that they worked together and were not restricted to only discuss course content. This was likely to induce arousal and motivation and increased convergence on meaning, especially in small groups. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 45, no 7, 499-506 p.
Keyword [en]
E-learning; Online discussions; Online participation; Computer-mediated communication; Synchronous communication
National Category
Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-53736DOI: 10.1016/ 000260289100011OAI: diva2:470777
QC 20120116Available from: 2011-12-29 Created: 2011-12-29 Last updated: 2012-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Hrastinski, Stefan
Computer and Information Science

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