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What is online learner participation?: A literature review
Uppsala University.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9984-6561
2008 (English)In: Computers and education, ISSN 0360-1315, Vol. 51, no 4, 1755-1765 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is commonly argued that a key challenge for e-learning is to encourage learner participation. Even though this challenge has received increased attention by researchers, little effort has been put into developing a sound theoretical understanding of what online participation actually is and how it may be studied empirically. This paper examines the conceptions and research approaches that underlie research on online participation in e-learning settings. A classification scheme was iteratively developed and used when publications on the topic were reviewed. It was found that research is dominated by low-level conceptions of online participation, which relies on frequency counts as measures of participation. However, some researchers aim to study more complex dimensions of participation, such as whether participants feel they are taking part and are engaged in dialogues, reflected by using a combination of perceived and actual measures of participation. In conclusion, a definition of online learner participation that acknowledges its more complex dimensions, such as doing, communicating, thinking, feeling, and belonging, is proposed

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 51, no 4, 1755-1765 p.
Keyword [en]
Computer-mediated communication, Cooperative/collaborative learning, Interactive learning environments, Learning communities, Media in education
National Category
Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-55212DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.05.005ISI: 000259945200026OAI: diva2:471122
QC 20120116Available from: 2012-01-01 Created: 2012-01-01 Last updated: 2012-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Hrastinski, Stefan
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