Analysis of Block Stability and Evaluating Stiffness Properties
Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Block stability is common and has to be studied in detail for designing tunnels. Stability of block depends upon the shape and size of the blocks, stresses around the block and factors such as clamping forces and the ratio between joint stiffness. These factors are studied in detail and are the main objective of this thesis. In this thesis influence of loading and unloading of blocks on joint stiffness and thus on ultimate pullout force are analyzed.
Normal stress on the joint plane is linked with shear stiffness of the joint and relaxation of forces. Changes of forces were considered to estimate joint stiffness and ultimate pullout force using new methods in the present thesis. First method takes into account changing clamping forces considering stiffness ratio constant (Crawford and Bray). The second method was developed in which the ratio between normal and shear stiffness was taken as a function of normal stress (Bagheri and Stille). In third method, gradually pullout force is increased which changes the normal stress and joint stiffness. The lower limit of joint stiffness gives a very conservative design. So a stiffness value based on the average of lower and upper limit of normal force has also been considered.
A comparison between the new methods and the previous method proposed by Crawford and Bray which considers a constant ratio of normal and shear stiffness and constant clamping forces shows that Crawford and Bray’s solution overestimates the pullout forces hence the design is unsafe. It was observed that stiffness ratio is an important factor for estimating required rock support and safety.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 63 p.
Examensarbete Jord- och bergmekanik, ISSN 1652-599X ; 11/09Examensarbete Jord- och bergmekanik, ISSN 1652-599X
Block stability, Joint Stiffness, Stiffness ratio, Clamping forces, Pullout forces
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-57983OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-57983DiVA: diva2:472843
Subject / course
Soil and Rock Mechanics