Neural basis of goal-directed locomotion: An overview
2007 (English)In: Brain Research Reviews, ISSN 0165-0173, E-ISSN 1872-6321, Vol. 57, no 1, 2-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The different neural control systems involved in goal-directed vertebrate locomotion are reviewed. They include not only the central pattern generator networks in the spinal cord that generate the basic locomotor synergy and the brainstem command systems for locomotion but also the control systems for steering and control of body orientation (posture) and finally the neural structures responsible for determining which motor programs should be turned on in a given instant. The role of the basal ganglia is considered in this context. The review summarizes the available information from a general vertebrate perspective, but specific examples are often derived from the lamprey, which provides the most detailed information when considering cellular and network perspectives.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 57, no 1, 2-12 p.
basal ganglia; lamprey; central pattern generator; tectum; brain stem-spinal cord; modeling
Computer and Information Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58613DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.06.027ISI: 000252334200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-58613DiVA: diva2:473432
QC 201201202012-01-052012-01-052012-01-20Bibliographically approved