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Neural basis of goal-directed locomotion: An overview
The Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
The Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
The Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
The Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet.
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2007 (English)In: Brain Research Reviews, ISSN 0165-0173, E-ISSN 1872-6321, Vol. 57, no 1, 2-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The different neural control systems involved in goal-directed vertebrate locomotion are reviewed. They include not only the central pattern generator networks in the spinal cord that generate the basic locomotor synergy and the brainstem command systems for locomotion but also the control systems for steering and control of body orientation (posture) and finally the neural structures responsible for determining which motor programs should be turned on in a given instant. The role of the basal ganglia is considered in this context. The review summarizes the available information from a general vertebrate perspective, but specific examples are often derived from the lamprey, which provides the most detailed information when considering cellular and network perspectives.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 57, no 1, 2-12 p.
Keyword [en]
basal ganglia; lamprey; central pattern generator; tectum; brain stem-spinal cord; modeling
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58613DOI: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2007.06.027ISI: 000252334200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-58613DiVA: diva2:473432
Note
QC 20120120Available from: 2012-01-05 Created: 2012-01-05 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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