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Framework for Developing Countries’ Sound Management on Industrial Chemicals
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
2010 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Industrial chemicals have become an integral part of modern life, and they infiltrate into a lot of activities of human beings, such as industrial manufacturing, agriculture, pharmaceutics, etc. Globalization brings opportunity and challenge to developing countries on the sound management of industrial chemicals (SMC). The issue is the contradiction between unmatched increasing import and consumption and weak legislation on SMC in developing countries. Consequently, more health and environmental impacts have been reported in developing countries because they lack capacities to generate sufficient information on chemical risks as well as appropriate methods for assessment and monitoring.

Developed countries and IGOs (Intergovernmental Organizations) have made a lot of efforts on sound management of chemicals since 1960s. However, these efforts remain highly fragmented at international and national levels. As a result, a clear and well articulated strategy and concerted efforts from the international community to help developing countries is required.

The aim of this thesis is, based on the studies of existing guidelines made by different IGOs on SMC, to suggest an integrated framework which can be used to collaborate with these scattered efforts together, to create synergies and avoid overlaps. This suggested framework consists of an executive mechanism which includes a panel of international organizations and general guidelines on SMC. Such a framework, looking like a voluntary intentional framework, provides possibilities to improve the capacity of developing countries’ management on industrial chemicals. To effective the framework, it needs shared responsibility of many actors to work together with same objectives to reduce adverse effects on human health and the environment. So this thesis just make a hypothesis based on the study of existing status on SMC, do the feasibility discussion and collect some feedbacks from IGOs as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trita-IM, ISSN 1402-7615 ; 2010:41
Keyword [en]
industrial chemicals, management, developing countries, framework
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58647OAI: diva2:473731
Available from: 2012-01-13 Created: 2012-01-07 Last updated: 2012-01-13Bibliographically approved

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