Striatal fast-spiking interneurons: from firing patterns to postsynaptic impact
2011 (English)In: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5137, Vol. 5, no July, 57- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In the striatal microcircuit, fast-spiking (FS) interneurons have an important role in mediating inhibition onto neighboring medium spiny (MS) projection neurons. In this study, we combined computational modeling with in vitro and in vivo electrophysiological measurements to investigate FS cells in terms of their discharge properties and their synaptic efficacies onto MS neurons. In vivo firing of striatal FS interneurons is characterized by a high firing variability. It is not known, however, if this variability results from the input that FS cells receive, or if it is promoted by the stuttering spike behavior of these neurons. Both our model and measurements in vitro show that FS neurons that exhibit random stuttering discharge in response to steady depolarization do not show the typical stuttering behavior when they receive fluctuating input. Importantly, our model predicts that electrically coupled FS cells show substantial spike synchronization only when they are in the stuttering regime. Therefore, together with the lack of synchronized firing of striatal FS interneurons that has been reported in vivo, these results suggest that neighboring FS neurons are not in the stuttering regime simultaneously and that in vivo FS firing variability is more likely determined by the input fluctuations. Furthermore, the variability in FS firing is translated to variability in the postsynaptic amplitudes in MS neurons due to the strong synaptic depression of the FS-to-MS synapse. Our results support the idea that these synapses operate over a wide range from strongly depressed to almost fully recovered. The strong inhibitory effects that FS cells can impose on their postsynaptic targets, and the fact that the FS-to-MS synapse model showed substantial depression over extended periods of time might indicate the importance of cooperative effects of multiple presynaptic FS interneurons and the precise orchestration of their activity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 5, no July, 57- p.
stuttering discharge, parvalbumin-positive interneuron, medium spiny projection neuron, synaptic depression, cortex
Computer and Information Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58735DOI: 10.3389/fnsys.2011.00057PubMedID: 21808608ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84856204942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-58735DiVA: diva2:473865
QC 201201092012-01-082012-01-082012-01-09Bibliographically approved