A Subspace Method for Direction of Arrival Estimation of Uncorrelated Emitter Signals
1999 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, ISSN 1053-587X, Vol. 47, no 4, 945-956 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A novel eigenstructure-based method for direction estimation is presented. The method assumes that the emitter signals are uncorrelated. Ideas from subspace and covariance matching methods are combined to yield a noniterative estimation algorithm when a uniform linear array is employed. The large sample performance of the estimator is analyzed. It is shown that the asymptotic variance of the direction estimates coincides with the relevant Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRB). A compact expression for the CRB is derived for the ease when it is known that the signals are uncorrelated, and it is lower than the CRB that is usually used in the array processing literature (assuming no particular structure for the signal covariance matrix). The difference between the two CRBs can be large in difficult scenarios. This implies that in such scenarios, the proposed methods has significantly better performance than existing subspace methods such as, for example, WSF, MUSIC, and ESPRIT. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the obtained results.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Signal Processing Society, 1999. Vol. 47, no 4, 945-956 p.
Algorithms, array signal processing, eigenvalues and eigenfunctions, linear algebra, maximum likelihood estimation, matrix decomposition, parameter estimation, singular value decomposition, spectral analysis, statistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58937DOI: 10.1109/78.752593OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-58937DiVA: diva2:474426
NR 201408052012-01-092012-01-092012-02-11Bibliographically approved