Trapped non-equilibrium states in aqueous solutions of oppositelycharged polyelectrolytes and surfactants: effects of mixing protocoland salt concentration
2005 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, ISSN 0927-7757, Vol. 253, no 1-3, 83-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The very slow equilibration time in oppositely charged systems makes it necessary to control not only the concentration of the species but also the details of the mixing process. This has been demonstrated for processes occurring at interfaces where order of addition effects can be of great importance. In this investigation we set out to study the bulk properties of aqueous mixtures of a highly charged cationic polyelectrolyte mixed with an anionic surfactant with the aim to learn if long-lived non-equilibrium states were formed also in this case, and thus if the details of the mixing procedure would affect the structure of the aggregates formed. For simplicity we chose two mixing protocols, denoted “PTS” and “STP”. In the PTS-method the polyelectrolyte is added to the surfactant solution whereas in the STP-method the surfactant is added into the polyelectrolyte solution. The properties of the mixtures in aqueous solutions, with different NaCl concentrations and as a function of time, were followed by conducting turbidity, electrophoretic mobility and dynamic light scattering measurements. The results demonstrate that the mixing protocol indeed has a great impact on the size of the aggregates initially formed and that this size difference persists for long times. Hence, trapped non-equilibrium states do play an important role also in the bulk solution. We found that in excess surfactant solutions the smaller aggregates formed by the STP-method are more resistant than the larger ones formed by the PTS-method to colloidal instability induced by electrolytes (NaCl). Based on our results we suggest that for producing small and stable polyelectrolyte–surfactant aggregates in systems with excess surfactant, the surfactant should be added last, while the opposite should be applied for systems with excess polyelectrolyte.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2005. Vol. 253, no 1-3, 83-93 p.
Polyelectrolyte, Surfactant, Polyelectrolyte–surfactant complex; Polyelectrolyte–surfactant aggregate; Polyelectrolyte–surfactant association; Turbidity, Electrophoretic mobility; Dynamic light scattering; Colloidal stability; Non-equilibrium state; Trapped state; Polydispersity
Natural Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58941DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2004.10.123ISI: 000226934900010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-12344329184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-58941DiVA: diva2:474441
NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Colloids and Surfaces A. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in PUBLICATION, VOL 253, ISSUE1-3, 15 December 2004, DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2004.10.123.
QC 201201182012-01-182012-01-092012-03-21Bibliographically approved