Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Run-around coil ventilation heat recovery system: A comparative study between different system configurations
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3194-1762
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7354-6643
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3896-2443
2012 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 90, no 1, 258-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The energy performance of buildings in cold climates, with a considerable annual heating demand, is dependent on the ventilation air change rates (ACH). Buildings utilized for commercial use often have high annual ventilation heating demand due to high ACH required from indoor air quality aspect. In order for these buildings to have a reasonable energy performance a heat recovery system is often used to recover heat from the exhaust air to the makeup air. There are different variations of these systems; one that is sometimes used in Sweden is a run around coil heat recovery system. The present paper summarizes the findings from previous studies [5-7], and presents a comparative study, for three different cases; the traditional run-around coil heat recovery system; with a three stage on/off controlled heat pump retrofitted into the system; and with a variable capacity heat pump retrofitted into the system. Annual modeling (using TRNSYS) shows that by retrofitting a well-designed 3 stage heat pump to the system the annual heat recovery rate for the Stockholm case can be increased from 47% to 65%. For a retrofitted variable speed capacity heat pump for the Stockholm case the annual heat recovery improves from 47% to 66%. The modeling also shows that a well designed variable speed heat pump can cover 81% of the total ventilation heating demand and a well designed multi stage heat pump 77% of the total ventilation heating demand.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 90, no 1, 258-265 p.
Keyword [en]
Run-around coil, Ventilation heat recovery, Performance factors, Retrofitted heat pump
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-58808DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2011.05.012ISI: 000297426100039Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-80055039757OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-58808DiVA: diva2:474595
Note
QC 20120109Available from: 2012-01-09 Created: 2012-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Capacity-controlled Ground Source Heat Pump Systems for Swedish single-family dwellings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Capacity-controlled Ground Source Heat Pump Systems for Swedish single-family dwellings
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall objective of this thesis is to develop a structured method to approach the challenge of better understanding the techniques and potential for capacity control in Ground Source Heat Pump (GSHP) systems used in Swedish single-family dwellings. This thesis aims at development of a generic model of the system that can be used for comparative, descriptive, and predictive analysis of capacity controlled GSHP systems in single-family dwellings.

In order to develop the generic model, first, a conceptual model of the reality of interest is developed based on the objective of the model. Second, a quantitative model of the system is developed based on the conceptual model. Third, experimental studies are carried out in order to obtain better understanding of the behavior of the system and its components and also to validate the capabilities of the model. Furthermore, some examples are presented to show how the generic model developed and evaluated at the previous stages can be used to address the questions in the context of capacity control in GSHP systems.

As the first example of applications of the generic model, a comparative analysis is made between the annual performance of on/off-controlled and variable-capacity GSHP systems. The results show that dimensioning of the on/off-controlled GSHP unit based on the peak heat demand of the building plays a significant role when the annual performance of the on/off controlled GSHP system is compared with that of the variable speed GSHP system. As the second example, another comparative analysis is performed, this time to compare three common methods whose purpose is to control on/off-controlled GSHP system. Based on the results from the detailed analysis of these three control methods, it is recommended not to use the constant hysteresis method to avoid large supply temperature oscillation or large deviation from the required temperatures.

Finding a proper brine mass flow rate, either variable or constant, is a challenge when a variable capacity heat pump system (a heat pump system equipped with a variable speed compressor) is designed. Therefore, as the third example of applications of the generic model, analysis is performed on a variable-capacity GSHP system equipped with a variable speed compressor and variable speed pump in U-pipe borehole heat exchanger. The results show that a single speed liquid pump but with a very carefully-selected brine mass flow rate would be still an appropriate option for variable speed heat pump systems, if COP maximization is the main concern.

Finally, as the fourth example, the performance of a run-around coil heat recovery system equipped with a variable capacity heat pump unit is evaluated over a year. The results show that by retrofitting a well-sized variable capacity heat pump unit to the system, there is a potential to increase the amount of heat provided by the recovery system by more than 70%.

In addition to the examples shown, the systematic approach and the generic model used in the present study can be applied to improve other control techniques and strategies and find new opportunities which can lead to saving energy and money, reducing the greenhouse gas emissions, and gaining higher credibility for GSHPs in the market.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. xiv, 90 p.
Series
Trita-REFR, ISSN 1102-0245 ; 12:03
Keyword
Heat Pump, Capacity control, ground, ground source, geothermal
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102055 (URN)978-91-7501-474-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-09-24, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
effsys2 and effsys+
Note

QC 20120907

Available from: 2012-09-07 Created: 2012-09-07 Last updated: 2012-09-07Bibliographically approved
2. Investigating Different Opportunities to Increase Energy Efficiency in Buildings by Retrofitting Heat Pump Coupled Heat Recovery Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investigating Different Opportunities to Increase Energy Efficiency in Buildings by Retrofitting Heat Pump Coupled Heat Recovery Systems
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. vii, 117 p.
Series
TRITA-REFR, ISSN 1102-0245 ; 14:01
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-148784 (URN)978-91-7595-214-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-05, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Sockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140825

Available from: 2014-08-25 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2014-08-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Authority records BETA

Wallin, JörgenMadani, HatefClaesson, Joachim

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wallin, JörgenMadani, HatefClaesson, Joachim
By organisation
Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration
In the same journal
Applied Energy
Energy Systems

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 196 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf