Epitope mapping of antibodies towards human protein targets
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis, based on five research papers, presents results from development and evaluation ofmethods for identifying the interaction site of antibodies on their antigens and the functional investigation of these in different assays. As antibodies have proven to be invaluable tools in diagnostics, therapy and basic research, the demand of characterizing these binding molecules has increased. Techniques for epitope mapping in a streamlined manner are therefore needed, particularly in high throughput projects as the Human Protein Atlas that aims to systematically generate two antibodies with separate epitopes towards all human proteins.
In paper I we describe an approach to map the epitopes of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies for the first time using staphylococcal display. This method was combined with peptide scanning and alanine scanning using suspension bead arrays, to create a streamlined approach of highresolution characterization of epitopes recognized by antibodies as demonstrated in paper II. Single epitopes were identified for the monoclonal antibodies and several (one to five) separate epitopes scattered throughout the antigen sequence were determined for each polyclonal antibody. Further, antibodies of different species origin showed overlapping binding epitopes.
In paper III we studied the epitope patterns of polyclonal antibodies generated with the same antigen in different animals. Although common epitope regions could be identified the exact epitope pattern was not repeated, as some epitopes did not reoccur in the repeated immunizations. In paper IV, a potential biomarker for colon cancer, RBM3, was investigated using validated antibodies by epitope mapping and siRNA analysis.
Finally, in paper V, a method for generating epitope-specific antibodies based on affinity purification of a polyclonal antibody is described. The generated antibodies were used in several immunoassays and showed a great difference in functionality. Paired antibodies with separate epitopes were successfully generated and could be used in a sandwich assay or to validate each other in immunohistochemistry.
Taken together, in these studies we have demonstrated valuable concepts for the characterization of antibody epitopes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2011. , xi, 46 p.
Trita-BIO-Report, ISSN 1654-2312 ; 2012:1
antibody, antibody validation, biomarker, epitope mapping, peptide array, proteomics, RBM3, staphylococcal surface display
Medical Biotechnology Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-59529ISBN: 978-91-7501-222-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-59529DiVA: diva2:475959
2012-01-27, FD5, Albanova University Center, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Gold, Larry, Professor
Uhlén, Mathias, Professor
QC 201201112012-01-112012-01-112012-01-11Bibliographically approved
List of papers