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Short-term effects of the Öresund Bridge on crossborder interaction and spatial behaviour
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. Swedish Institute for Growth Policy Studies (ITPS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2080-6859
Danish Institute for Border Region Studies (IFG), Denmark.
2002 (English)In: Journal of Borderlands Studies, ISSN 0886-5655, Vol. 17, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Öresund Bridge between Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmö in Sweden wasopened July 1, 2000. It can hardly be expected that an infrastructure project of this type betweentwo urban regions in two countries can provide any pronounced growth effects in the short term.On the other hand, it can be expected that, in certain areas, interaction will increase and inter-action patterns will change relatively rapidly. The aim of this paper is therefore to study theshort-term effects of the Öresund Bridge on a field where interaction can be expected to changerelatively rapidly, namely shopping visits and tourism. The results show that the number oftravelers over Öresund has increased, but not up to the levels expected. By far, the largest cross-border shopping commodities are the cheaper beer and wine bought by Swedes in Denmark.Harmonization of the alcohol taxes between the two countries would therefore probably providean incentive for a reduction in border shopping.Most of the cost-sensitive shoppers still choose to travel over Öresund by boat. Personstraveling on business and commuters choose the more expensive bridge to a greater extent.There are still some political-administrative obstacles that have negative effects for those per-sons who live on one side of Öresund and work on the other. However, the cultural differencesbetween Sweden and Denmark, which has been built up during centuries, may constitute a long-term obstacle to the realization of the political aim of creating a wholly integrated Öresundregion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 17, no 1
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-59829DOI: 10.1080/08865655.2002.9695582OAI: diva2:476381

QC 20150316

Available from: 2012-01-12 Created: 2012-01-12 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved

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