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Mobile Location-based Learning Reminders using GSM cell Identification
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6457-5231
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Human - Computer Interaction, MDI (closed 20111231).
2009 (English)In: IADIS International Journal on WWW/Internet, ISSN 1645-7641, Vol. 7, no 1, 166-176 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Location-based services are rapidly becoming accessible to a wide audience using the GPS available in many mobile phones. However, an even wider audience can be reached using positioning based on the GSM cell, a technique which is available on many more phones, and which is a solution that also works indoors and underground which is not the case for GPS receivers. Additionally, battery consumption is much lower using such positioning methods. In this paper, we describe a study in which a location-based reminder system, based on GSM cell identification, has been developed for mobile learning in chemistry. The results indicate that such location-based reminders are useful for detecting m-learning opportunities, and that the respondents saw these opportunities as bonus studying time, when they would not have done anything else anyway. Most respondents were also more positive about studying chemistry on their mobile phones after the study than before the study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IADIS Press, 2009. Vol. 7, no 1, 166-176 p.
Keyword [en]
Location-Based Services, Location-Based Reminders, M-Learning, Context Awareness
National Category
Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-59999OAI: diva2:477023

QC 20120118

Available from: 2012-01-12 Created: 2012-01-12 Last updated: 2015-12-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exploring Opportunistic Use of Mobile Devices for Studying in Higher Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Opportunistic Use of Mobile Devices for Studying in Higher Education
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Students today often feel that they have too much to do and too little time. A common strategy to remedy this is to take advantage of opportunities to use “inter-time”, the time between other activities such as waiting or traveling. The aim of this thesis is to explore how studying using mobile devices in higher education can be designed for such opportunities. I choose to call this Opportunistic Mobile Studying (OMS).

Using a design-based research approach this thesis discusses and proposes both scientific and practical contributions. A number of iterations of OMS have been designed, instantiated and tested in university courses and then evaluated using mixed methods.

The first research question is how can OMS be designed to support students in adopting the behavior of studying at opportune moments. The results have been framed and interpreted using the Fogg Behavior Model, where behavior is the product of motivation, simplicity, and triggers. The results suggest that a key factor for motivation is procrastination, and therefore deadlines can be used to predict and suggest what students would likely be interested in studying during OMS moments. Simplicity is increased if OMS is adapted for studying in short fragmented moments, where important aspects are that content should be short, easy to access and easy to navigate. Trigger reminders were particularly appreciated and should be triggered based on time and place. Commuting is identified as a good context to build a routine of studying using OMS.

The second research question is how can OMS activities and content be designed to support efficient studying in OMS situations. Study- activities identified as especially suitable for OMS situations are those that focus on preparation and repetition. These activities can enhance other learning activities and efficient studying can be accomplished even if only a little time is available. Examples of successful methods for this tested in this thesis include advance organizers and flashcards. Longer and more comprehensive studying material can be used if quick and easy navigation within the material is provided, for example, by using synchronized narrated slides such as enhanced podcasts. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 90 p.
TRITA-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 14:12
mobile learning, e-learning, mobility, atudying, higher education
National Category
Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Media Technology
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150389 (URN)978-91-7595-247-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-23, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:38 (Swedish)

QC 20140902

Available from: 2014-09-02 Created: 2014-09-02 Last updated: 2014-09-03Bibliographically approved

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Hedin, BjörnNorén, Johanna
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