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A Comparison of Presentation Methods for Reading on Mobile Phones
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6457-5231
KTH, School of Computer Science and Communication (CSC), Media Technology and Graphic Arts, Media (closed 20111231).
2007 (English)In: IEEE Distributed Systems Online, ISSN 1541-4922, E-ISSN 1541-4922, Vol. 8, no 6, 0706- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A study was conducted to compare traditional scroll-based methods for reading text-based content on mobile phones, with Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP), a method that displays words sequentially. The RSVP text-reading method presents one word or a few words at a rapid sequence, without using page or scroll-based layouts, such as books or Web pages. It was found that reading speed and comprehension level on small screen displays, such as mobile phones equaled speed and comprehension level of reading books, using the RSVP text-reading method. It was also found that the RSVPM method can be a better platform for text-based mobile-learning, when readability, comprehensibility, and preference rating are sufficient. It was also observed that the use of the RSVP text-reading method eliminates the need for eye movements between fixations that resulted in increasing reading speed of text from mobile phones.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 8, no 6, 0706- p.
Keyword [en]
Eye movements, Mobile phones, Technical presentations, Three dimensional computer graphics
National Category
Computer and Information Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-60003DOI: 10.1109/MDSO.2007.34Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34548264626OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-60003DiVA: diva2:477063
Note

QC 20120113

Available from: 2012-01-12 Created: 2012-01-12 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Exploring Opportunistic Use of Mobile Devices for Studying in Higher Education
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Exploring Opportunistic Use of Mobile Devices for Studying in Higher Education
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Students today often feel that they have too much to do and too little time. A common strategy to remedy this is to take advantage of opportunities to use “inter-time”, the time between other activities such as waiting or traveling. The aim of this thesis is to explore how studying using mobile devices in higher education can be designed for such opportunities. I choose to call this Opportunistic Mobile Studying (OMS).

Using a design-based research approach this thesis discusses and proposes both scientific and practical contributions. A number of iterations of OMS have been designed, instantiated and tested in university courses and then evaluated using mixed methods.

The first research question is how can OMS be designed to support students in adopting the behavior of studying at opportune moments. The results have been framed and interpreted using the Fogg Behavior Model, where behavior is the product of motivation, simplicity, and triggers. The results suggest that a key factor for motivation is procrastination, and therefore deadlines can be used to predict and suggest what students would likely be interested in studying during OMS moments. Simplicity is increased if OMS is adapted for studying in short fragmented moments, where important aspects are that content should be short, easy to access and easy to navigate. Trigger reminders were particularly appreciated and should be triggered based on time and place. Commuting is identified as a good context to build a routine of studying using OMS.

The second research question is how can OMS activities and content be designed to support efficient studying in OMS situations. Study- activities identified as especially suitable for OMS situations are those that focus on preparation and repetition. These activities can enhance other learning activities and efficient studying can be accomplished even if only a little time is available. Examples of successful methods for this tested in this thesis include advance organizers and flashcards. Longer and more comprehensive studying material can be used if quick and easy navigation within the material is provided, for example, by using synchronized narrated slides such as enhanced podcasts. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 90 p.
Series
TRITA-CSC-A, ISSN 1653-5723 ; 14:12
Keyword
mobile learning, e-learning, mobility, atudying, higher education
National Category
Media and Communication Technology
Research subject
Media Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-150389 (URN)978-91-7595-247-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-09-23, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:38 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140902

Available from: 2014-09-02 Created: 2014-09-02 Last updated: 2014-09-03Bibliographically approved

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Hedin, Björn

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