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On the Definition and Realization of a Global Vertical Datum
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Geoinformatik och Geodesi. (Geodesy)
2011 (English)In: Journal of Geodetic Science, ISSN 2081-9943, Vol. 1, no 2, 154-157 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A Global Vertical Datum (GVD) is naturally defined by the geoid, and there is a well-established consensus to adopt Gauss-Bessel-Listing's definition of the geoid (i.e. as being the level surface of the Earth's gravity field that best fits the undisturbed sea level). The main problem in defining the geoid is therefore to fix its constant geopotential (W00). Nevertheless, this definition can be interpreted as to fit either the geopotential of sea surface to a constant (W0), or to minimize the height of sea level with respect to the geoid. Although the two interpretations lead to apparently different solutions, we show that they are practically the same. To improve the estimation of W0, we propose to weight the included data according to their a priori error estimates.

Finally we discuss the use of GNSS/levelling data for vertical datum connections, concluding that such data, although indispensable for regional vertical datum connections, in combination with satellite altimetry over the oceans are practically useless for determining the GVD. Also, such a joint adjustment of the GVD and regional vertical datum biases yields inferior local connections vs. a separate adjustment with fixed GVD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Poland: Versita , 2011. Vol. 1, no 2, 154-157 p.
Keyword [en]
Global vertical datum, GVD, geoid, datum unification
National Category
Geosciences, Multidisciplinary
Research subject
SRA - E-Science (SeRC)
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-61334DOI: 10.2478/v10156-010-0018-zOAI: diva2:478923
Swedish e‐Science Research Center
QC 20120119Available from: 2012-01-17 Created: 2012-01-17 Last updated: 2012-01-19Bibliographically approved

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Sjöberg, Lars Erik
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Geoinformatik och Geodesi
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