Tools in the Spatial Analysis of Offenses: Evidence from Scandinavian Cities
2005 (English)In: GIS for Sustainable Development / [ed] Michele Campagna, Taylor & Francis, 2005, 267-286 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
This chapter examines the potential of GIS in combination with spatial statisticsin an exploratory analysis of urban geography of offenses in two Scandinavian cities.The term exploratory analysis implies here the use of techniques for detection ofpatterns in data (clusters) as well as statistical modeling. Techniques such as Kmeansportioning and Kulldorff’s scan test are used to provide a simplified representationof where significant statistical concentrations of offenses occur across thecity, while regression models are applied to explain such clusters. Three clustertechniques are applied to data on pickpocketing in Copenhagen, the capital ofDenmark. This is followed by an attempt to explain patterns of vandalism usingdemographic, socioeconomic, and land use covariates in Malmö, the third largestSwedish city. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the strengths and limitationsof these techniques for local planning.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2005. 267-286 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-61341DOI: 10.1201/9781420037845.ch16ISBN: 978-0-8493-3051-3ISBN: 978-1-4200-3784-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-61341DiVA: diva2:478928
QC 20120126. This research was undertaken while Vania Ceccato was a visiting fellow in the
Department of Geography at the University of Cambridge, England. The support of
the Marie Curie Fellowship Scheme (Grant reference HPMF-CT-2001-01307) and
STINT — The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and
Higher Education (Dnr PD2001-1045) are gratefully acknowledged by the author.
The author would also like to express her thanks to the municipality of Malmö,
Länsförsäkringar Skåne, the Skåne Police Authority, and Copenhagen Police Authority
for providing the data set used in this analysis.2012-01-172012-01-172012-01-26Bibliographically approved