Assessing the Impact of Modernization on Fertilty: The Case of Mozambique
2000 (English)Report (Other academic)
Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. It also has one of the world’shighest birth rates. Until recently there has been virtually no way to studyMozambique’s high fertility because of the civil war. This paper uses a very recentsurvey of Mozambican women from 1997. The objective of this paper is to assess theimpact of modernization on fertility in Mozambique, using as a background the“supply-demand theory” presented by Easterlin and Crimmins (1985). The first part ofthis paper describes the indicators of modernization for Mozambique by using maps,and indicates eventual correlations. The second part deals with the estimation ofequations for demand for children, the supply of children and the use of contraception.The third part shows how the modernization variables visualized in the first part of thepaper influence all these equations. The results show that the country has one of thehighest demands for children in the world, but also one of the largest supply of children,followed by high infant and child mortality. In many provinces, the regulation costs arestill high. Those who deliberately use contraceptives already have many children.Among the modernization variables, education is the factor that most affects supply,demand and also regulation costs in Mozambique.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Laxemburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis , 2000.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-61415OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-61415DiVA: diva2:479058
QC 201201272012-01-172012-01-172012-01-27Bibliographically approved