Greater personal accountability for results, strict demands in terms of social skills, and increased personal responsibility for companies’ financial risks. These are the realities facing increasing numbers ofemployees when companies use project-based working methods.According to Niklas Arvidsson and Eskil Ekstedt, more and more people are working more and moreoften on a project basis. This is one of the most important long-term changes in Swedish business life,noting that, on one hand, project-based work can be engaging and inspiring, but that it is also characterized by specific time frames and performance requirements that create stress. Swedish companies arechanging rapidly in order to adapt to, or rather survive in, a neo-industrial economy. But projects imposean entirely new set of demands on employees, who are compelled to take individual responsibility fortheir advancement and careers, sometimes even to the point of assuming the company’s business risks.Project-based work puts the emphasis on performance, and a special sort of leadership evolves in thiscontext that does not necessarily incorporate human or social aspects.
National institute for working life / Arbetslivsinstitutet , 2006. 88-102 p.