Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Electrode R&D, stack design and performance of biomass-based alkaline fuel cell module
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE).
Show others and affiliations
1999 (English)In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ISSN 03603199 (ISSN), Vol. 24, no 6, 549-564 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Electrode formulations with different materials and manufacturing techniques were tested electrochemically in order to assess their stability and activity in long-term operations. Cathode electrocatalysts, such as CoTPP, Ca0.9La0.1MnO3 and Pt-Co alloys were incorporated in high surface area carbons and operated at a constant load of 100 mA cm2, 80 °C and an electrolyte concentration of 6 M KOH. Similarly, anode catalysts with Pt-Pd bimetallic combinations were also tested and ascertained in half-cell measurements. Surface area measurements and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) analyses were carried out both before and after the electrochemical test procedures. The electrodes were incorporated into a seven and two cell module design of the external and internal manifolding types and the experiences gained from these design principles are described, respectively. Furthermore, a biomass fed AFC module with all the system descriptions, steps, and a demonstration layout of producer gas to alkaline fuel cell are examined and discussed. Wood charcoal and agro-residues were used as feedstock and as a primary fuel. Power output of the different feedstock in a producer gas fed alkaline fuel cell has the shown potentiality and efficiency to be applied as a stand alone power generator.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 24, no 6, 549-564 p.
Keyword [en]
Agricultural wastes, Biomass, Calcium compounds, Catalysts, Charcoal, Cobalt compounds, Electric generators, Electrochemical electrodes, Electrolytes, Feedstocks, Platinum alloys, Potassium compounds, Potassium hydroxide, Fuel cells
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-62359DOI: 10.1016/S0360-3199(98)00104-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-62359DiVA: diva2:480215
Note
References: Kiros, Y., Schwartz, S., (1991) J of Power Sources, 36, p. 547; Sampathrajan, A., Ramanathan, M., (1997) Stand Alone Fuel Cell Power Plants for Rural Electrification, , Report- T.N.A.U., Coimbatore, India; Kiros, Y., Sampathrajan, A., Ramanathan, M., (1996) Proceedings of the 1996 Fuel Cell Seminar, p. 698. , 17 November Orlando, USA; Kiros, Y., Lindström, O., Kaimakis, T., (1995) J of Power Sources, 45, p. 219; Kiros, Y., (1996) Proceedings of the Asian Seminar on Fuel Cell Technology for Rural Electrification, p. 42. , 25 April Coimbatore, India; Yeager, E., (1984) Electrochim Acta, 29, p. 1527; Van Veen, J.A.R., Colijn, H.A., Van Baar, J.F., (1988) Electrochim Acta, 33, p. 801; Scherson, D.A., Gupta, S.L., Fierro, C., Yeager, E.B., Kordesch, M.E., Eldridge, J., Hoffman, R.W., Blue, J., (1983) Electrochim Acta, 28, p. 1205; Appleby, A.J., Marie, J., (1979) Electrochim Acta, 24, p. 195; Kiros, Y., (1996) J Electrochem Soc, 143, p. 2152; Blurton, K.F., Kunz, H.R., Rutt, D.R., (1978) Electrochim Acta, 23, p. 183; Dhar, H., Christner, L.G., Kush, A.K., (1987) J Electrochem Soc, 134, p. 3021; Kiros, Y., (1994) Proceedings of the 1994 Fuel Seminar, p. 364. , 28 November San Diego, USA; Lindström, O., Guidelines for Fuel Cell Design with Reference to Stationary Applications in the ICAR/SAREC Program, , KTR 93-11; Schwartz, S., Lindström, O., (1996) Proceedings of the 1996 Fuel Cell Seminar, p. 694. , 19 November Orlando, Florida, U.S.A; Rhodes, C., Hutchings, G.J., Ward, A.M., (1995) Catalysis Today, 23, p. 43; Dhar, H.P., Christner, L.G., Kush, A.K., Maru, H.C., (1986) J Electrochem Soc, 133, p. 1574; Myrén, C., (1996) Proceedings of the Asian Seminar on Fuel Cell Technology for Rural Electrification, p. 33. , 25 April Coimbatore, India; Jain, A.K., Jindal, S.L., Pannu, B.S., Sood, M.L., (1997) Status Report of the Indo-Sarec Project on Stand Alone Fuel Cell Power Plant for Rural Electrification in India, p. 9. , PAU, Ludhiana, March; Report No. 19, KTR 95-11Van Den Broeck, H., Adriaensen, L., Alfenaar, M., Breekman, A., Blanchart, A., Van Bogaert, G., Vanneste, G., (1986) Int J Hydrogen Energy, 11, p. 471 NR 20140805Available from: 2012-01-19 Created: 2012-01-19 Last updated: 2012-01-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full texthttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0032659955&partnerID=40&md5=a11e2371b8568aff563088ee6ee47e11
By organisation
School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE)
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 68 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf