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Understanding Walkability: From 3 Neighborhoods in Stockholm, Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design. (Spatial Analysis and Design (SAD))
2011 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The focus on pedestrian-friendly environment has increased among urban planners and designers. Also, with the aim of enhancing public health, ‘walkability research’ has been actively done with the preventive medicine field, where the correlation between the built environment and physical activity has been explored. Results from existing studies show the importance of the urban environment on walkability and provide evidence on correlation between different built environment attributes and walking activity. However, better understanding of both the built environment factors and walking activity is necessary in order to improve the measurement of the built environment attributes and to provide better knowledge on designing a walkable environment. 

This paper includes results from a case study in Stockholm, Sweden, an observation study of three residential neighborhoods with the aim of understanding and developing ‘walkability’ in the Swedish context. The walking behavior of residents was observed, and the data on walking behavior patterns and pedestrian route choices have been analyzed in relation to different factors of the built environment. In this paper, the discussion will mainly be on the three factors that existing walkability research has most consistently proven correlation with walking: density, land-use diversity, and connectivity. Preliminary result shows that these factors seem to influence the quantity or the quality of walking activity and suggests how these factors could be dealt as a design problem. Also it suggests that the built environment attributes influence the walking behavior differently according to type/aspect of the walking activity.

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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-62472OAI: diva2:480406
18th International Seminar on Urban Form ISUF. Montréal, Canada. 26 – 29 August 2011
QC 20120416Available from: 2012-01-19 Created: 2012-01-19 Last updated: 2012-04-16Bibliographically approved

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