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On the Potentials and Problems of Pedestrianization: The Use of Car-­free Streets
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Urban Design. (Spatial Analysis and Design (SAD))
2011 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper will discuss how the car-free streets are used by the pedestrians in residential neighborhoods and how it affects the walkability of the built environment. The discussion is based on empirical evidence, the results from a case study in Stockholm, Sweden. The project was a qualitative observation study in three residential areas in Stockholm with the aim of understanding and developing the concept of ‘walkability’ in the Scandinavian urban context. The walking behavior of residents was observed, and the data on walking behavior patterns and pedestrian route choices have been analyzed in relation to different properties of the built environment.

In this paper, the focus will be on how car-free streets are used by pedestrians in residential areas. The comparison of the walking behavior in three residential neighborhoods with different conditions in the built environment will be described, focusing on how the car-pedestrian interaction seems to take place. It will develop the discussion on how the car-free design affects the walkability by enhancing or impeding different qualities such as traffic safety, crime safety, land-use diversity, etc. All of the three studied areas include pedestrian-only streets/paths in different conditions with different forms, which allow the discussion on different ways of implementing car-free environment in urban design practices. The results from this case study imply that, although car-free design is often adopted in order to create a pedestrian-friendly environment, it is important to be cautious in its design since, according to how it is implemented, it may also reduce the walkability of the environment. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Pedestrianization, Car-free Streets, Walkability
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-62479OAI: diva2:480414
The XII International Walk21 Conference. Vancouver, Canada. October 3-5 2011
QC 20120416Available from: 2012-01-19 Created: 2012-01-19 Last updated: 2012-04-16Bibliographically approved

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