A theoretical study on the consequence of a direct lightning strike to electrified railway system in Sweden
2005 (English)In: Electric power systems research, ISSN 0378-7796, Vol. 74, no 2, 267-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Direct lightning strike to a single-track electrified railway system in Sweden is modeled in this paper. Using this model, the induced voltages in each of the nine conductors at heights varying from 0.5 m (tracks) to 10 m above the ground are estimated. The effect of the finitely conducting ground is included using a time domain expression for the transient ground impedance that has better early time and late time behavior. The main interconnection between the conductors and the flashover strength of the supporting insulators is included in the simulations. A simple model for the arc channel during flashover of the insulators and the ionization of the soil around the pole foundations is also included in the model to assess the possible realistic surge voltage distribution in the system. It is shown in the paper that finite ground conductivity, interconnections between the conductors, arcing phenomena of insulation flashover and grounding of the poles decide the voltage/current distribution in the conductors. Simulations have been also carried out to determine the voltages on the lines and across the rails as function of distance from the point of strike as it could be a necessary data for deciding the possible future protection schemes. It was found that for a lightning stroke of 31 kA peak, large common mode and differential mode surges exist on the lines which could create excessive voltages between the line and neutral of the transformer and might pose a threat to the various low voltage equipments used for telecommunication, signaling and control.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 74, no 2, 267-280 p.
lightning; transmission lines; insulators; ionization; flashover
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-62561DOI: 10.1016/j.epsr.2004.11.012ISI: 000228702700011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-62561DiVA: diva2:480658
QC 201201202012-01-192012-01-192012-01-20Bibliographically approved