Lung aeration during sleep in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea
2010 (English)In: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging, ISSN 1475-0961, E-ISSN 1475-097X, Vol. 30, no 4, 301-307 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Previous studies have indicated that patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) have altered ventilation and lung volumes awake and the results suggest that this may be a determinant of severity of desaturations during sleep. However, little is known about regional lung aeration during sleep in patients with OSA. Methods: Twelve patients with OSA were included in the study. Computed tomography was used to study regional lung aeration during wakefulness and sleep. Lung aeration was calculated in ml gas/g lung tissue in four different regions of interest (ROI(1-4)), along the border of the lung from ventral to dorsal. Results: Lung aeration in the dorsal (dependent) lung region (ROI(4)) was lower during sleep compared to wakefulness 0 center dot 78 +/- 0 center dot 19 versus 0 center dot 88 +/- 0 center dot 19 (mean +/- SD) ml gas/g lung tissue (P = 0 center dot 005). Associations were found between awake expiratory reserve volume and change in lung aeration from wakefulness to sleep in ROI(4) (r = -0 center dot 69; P = 0 center dot 012). In addition, the change in lung aeration in the dorsal region correlated to sleep time (r = 0 center dot 69; P = 0 center dot 014) but not to time in supine position. The difference in lung aeration between inspiration and expiration (i.e. ventilation), was larger in the ventral lung region when expressed as ml gas per g lung tissue. In two patients it was noted that, during on-going obstructive apnoea, lung aeration tended to be increased rather than decreased. Conclusions: Aeration in the dorsal lung region is reduced during sleep in patients with OSA. The decrease is related to lung volume awake and to sleep time.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 30, no 4, 301-307 p.
computed tomography, lung aeration, lung volume, obstructive sleep apnoea, sleep, ventilation
Medical and Health Sciences Natural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-64399DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-097X.2010.00941.xISI: 000278564500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-64399DiVA: diva2:483063
QC 201201252012-01-242012-01-242012-01-25Bibliographically approved