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Photoinduced free radical polymerization of thermoset lithium battery electrolytes
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Lightweight Structures.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Applied Electrochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9392-9059
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2011 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 47, no 12, 2372-2378 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Series of solid poly(ethylene oxide)-methacrylate electrolytes have successfully been manufactured with an aim to serve in a multifunctional battery both as mechanical load carrier as well as lithium ion conductor. The electrolytes produced, in a solvent free process with no post cure swelling, hold a broad range of both mechanical as well as ion conducting properties. The monomer and Li-salt mixtures have been irradiated with UV light, initiating free radical polymerization to obtain solid smooth, homogenous specimens to be utilized as ion conducting electrolytes. The storage modulus at 20 degrees C is ranging from 1 MPa to almost 2 GPa. The conducting ability of the electrolyte ranges from 5.8 x 10(-10) up to 1.5 x 10(-6) S/cm. These large variations in both mechanical properties as well as ionic conductivity are discussed, but also the versatility within the production technique is emphasized.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 47, no 12, 2372-2378 p.
Keyword [en]
Solid polymer electrolyte (SPE), Lithium ion, Mechanical properties, Ionic conductivity, Multifunctional batteries, Structural batteries
National Category
Polymer Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-63262DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2011.09.018ISI: 000298204500021Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-81155126133OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-63262DiVA: diva2:483568
Funder
StandUpSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RMA08-0002
Note

QC 20120125

Available from: 2012-01-25 Created: 2012-01-23 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Solid Polymer Lithium-ion Conducting Electrolytes for Structural Batteries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solid Polymer Lithium-ion Conducting Electrolytes for Structural Batteries
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. 36 p.
Series
Trita-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2012:61
National Category
Other Chemistry Topics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-107182 (URN)978-91-7501-546-0 (ISBN)
Presentation
2012-12-07, K2, Teknikringen 28, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20121207

Available from: 2012-12-07 Created: 2012-12-07 Last updated: 2012-12-10Bibliographically approved
2. Solid Polymer Lithium-Ion Conducting Electrolytes for Structural Batteries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Solid Polymer Lithium-Ion Conducting Electrolytes for Structural Batteries
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work comprises the manufacture and characterization of solid polymer lithium ion conducting electrolytes for structural batteries. In the study, polymer films are produced in situ via a rapid versatile UV irradiation polymerization route, in which ethylene oxide methacrylates are polymerized into thermoset networks. In the first part of the study, the simplicity and efficiency of this manufacturing route is emphasized. Polymer electrolytes are pro-duced with an ionic conductivity ranging from 5.8×10-10 S cm-1 up to 1.5×10-6 S cm-1, and a storage modulus of up to 2 GPa at 20°C. In the sec-ond part, the effect of the lithium salt content is studied, both for tightly crosslinked systems with a glass transition temperature (Tg) above room temperature but also for sparsely crosslinked system with a Tg below. It is shown that for these systems, there is a threshold amount of 4% lithium salt by weight, above which the ion conducting ability is not affected to a larger extent when the salt content is increased further. It is also shown that the influence of the salt content on the ionic conductivity is similar within both systems. However, the Tg is more affected by the addition of lithium salt for the loosely crosslinked system, and since the Tg is the main affecting parame-ter of the conductivity, the salt content plays a larger role here. In the third part of the study, a thiol functional compound is added via thiol-ene chemistry to create thio-ether segments in the polymer network. This is done in order to expand the toolbox of possible building blocks usable in the design of structural electrolytes. It is shown that solid polymer electrolytes of more homogeneous networks with a narrower glass transition region can be produced this way, and that they have the ability to function as an electrolyte. Finally, the abilities of reinforcing the electrolytes by nano fibrilar cellulose are investigated, by means to improve the mechanical properties without decreasing the ionic conductivity at any larger extent. These composites show conductivity values close to 10-4 S cm-1 and a storage modulus around 400 MPa at 25 °C.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 70 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2014:7
National Category
Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144169 (URN)978-91-7595-035-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-04-25, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RMA08-0002Swedish Energy Agency, 37712-1
Note

QC 20140410

Available from: 2014-04-10 Created: 2014-04-10 Last updated: 2014-04-10Bibliographically approved

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Behm, MårtenLindbergh, N. GöranJohansson, Mats

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Willgert, MarkusKjell, Maria H.Jacques, EricBehm, MårtenLindbergh, N. GöranJohansson, Mats
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