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Diffusion and rheology characteristics of barley mixed linkage beta-glucan and possible implications for digestion
The University of Queensland.
The University of Queensland.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3572-7798
The University of Queensland.
The University of Queensland.
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2011 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 86, no 4, 1732-1738 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

beta-Glucan is one of the most studied soluble dietary fibres, and is known for its positive effects on human health such as lowering glycemic responses and reducing serum cholesterol levels. Viscosity and diffusion phenomena are thought to play an important role in imparting these beneficial effects through interactions with digestive enzymes and bile salt micelles in the digestive tract. Correlations between viscosity, probe diffusivity, and molecular structure for three barley beta-glucans are studied here to enhance understanding of the molecular basis for these nutritional effects. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) is used to measure the diffusion coefficients of a dextran probe similar in size to both digestive enzymes and bile salt micelles in beta-glucan solutions. Diffusion coefficients are found to decrease with an increase in the viscosity, but showed systematic deviations from Stokes-Einstein behaviour, similar to those found for cereal arabinoxylans, and thus indicating that bulk viscosity measurements cannot be reliably used as sole indicator of diffusion processes, due to local aggregation and microviscosity effects. The diffusion coefficient values are 10-100 times slower than predicted for diffusion in the absence of beta-glucan, consistent with a functional role in retarding digestion and absorption processes in the small intestine.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 86, no 4, 1732-1738 p.
Keyword [en]
Diffusion, (1, 31, 4)-beta-Glucan, Viscosity, Size exclusion, Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching
National Category
Food Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-48780DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2011.07.004ISI: 000294941100041OAI: diva2:484228
QC 20120127Available from: 2012-01-26 Created: 2011-11-23 Last updated: 2012-01-27Bibliographically approved

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Vilaplana, Francisco
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