Clean Energy Conversion from Municipal Solid Waste and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in Southeast Asia
2008 (English)Report (Other academic)
Rapid expansion of industry, urbanization and increasing population, especially in high economic growth regions of Southeast Asia, has dramatically increased the amount of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). Solid waste management has become a critical issue since the most popular form for waste disposal still employs open dumping. Although the proper handling of MSW is high on the public agenda, issues related to sound MSW management – including recycling programs, waste reduction, and disposal – have not been addressed adequately. Improper waste management causes severe environmental impacts, including groundwater contamination, air quality deterioration, and greenhouse gases emissions. Finding environmentally benign methods related to sound MSW management is of highest priority for this region. In this context waste to energy facilities can play a key role in ensuring a swift and economically viable shift to improved MSW management in Thailandand other areas of Asia. Positive environmental benefits can be achieved in parallel (i.e. reduction of greenhouse gas emissions via minimizing open dumping and expansion of a biomass-based electricity production method). The general objective of this study is to establish sustainable development of MSW management as well as to promote an expansion of biomass-based electricity in Southeast Asia. The energy recovery potential of MSW is analyzed by investigating various types of incineration technologies. Both conventional and more advanced hybrid dual-fuel cycles are considered in this study to evaluate cycle performance (electrical efficiency), CO2 emission and economic evaluation. This study will further construct energy model in order to explore the impact and refine the expected potential of MSW incineration with regard to energy recovery and environmental issues. Electricity demand by the end-user should be formulated and modelled to predict the trend of electricity consumption over the next twenty five years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Division of Heat and Power Technology, Department of Energy Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2008. , 52 p.
, EKV, 17/08
Municipal solid waste; energy potential; incineration; energy model
Research subject SRA - Energy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-66800OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-66800DiVA: diva2:484686
QC 201201272012-01-272012-01-272012-01-27Bibliographically approved