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Cognitive Bias in Peer Review: a New Approach
Linköping Univ, ISAK, S-58183 Linköping, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1292-8239
2009 (English)In: PROCEEDINGS OF ISSI 2009 - 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR SCIENTOMETRICS AND INFORMETRICS, VOL 2 / [ed] Larsen, B; Leta, J, 2009, 742-746 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The concept of cognitive similarity, developed by Travis and Collins (1991), is the starting point for this paper. We suggest that cognitive similarity is detectable through bibliometric analysis using bibliographic coupling (Kessler, 1963) or, as an alternative, noun phrases in title and abstract. Connected to this hypothesis is the possibility of cognitive bias in peer review. If academics tend to give higher scores to research with which the reviewer has a cognitive similarity there is a situation of cognitive bias. The design of the research project is described and the data sources available are discussed. With data on applicants and reviewers, and complemented with bibliometric identification of each individuals publications, this project will potentially give an essential contribution to our understanding of the peer review process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. 742-746 p.
Series
Proceedings of the International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics, ISSN 2175-1935 ; 2
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71092ISI: 000271080100023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-71092DiVA: diva2:486524
Conference
12th International Conference of the International-Society-for-Scientometrics-and-Informetrics. Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL. JUL 14-17, 2009
Note
QC 20120131Available from: 2012-01-30 Created: 2012-01-30 Last updated: 2012-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Sandström, Ulf

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