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The Stockholm congestion charges-5 years on. Effects, acceptability and lessons learnt
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9235-0232
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1789-9238
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport and Location Analysis. KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4754-3147
Centre for Transport Studies, WSP Analysis and Strategy, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 20, no SI, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Congestion charges were introduced in Stockholm in 2006, first as a trial followed by a referendum, then permanently from 2007. This paper discusses what conclusions can be drawn from the first five years of operation, until mid-2011. We show that the traffic reduction caused by the charges has increased slightly over time, once external factors are controlled for. Alternative fuel vehicles were exempt from the charges through 2008, and we show that this substantially increased the sales of such vehicles. We discuss public and political acceptability, synthesising recent research and Swedish experience. We conclude that objective and subjective effects on the traffic system, as well as general environmental and political attitudes, formed the basis of the strong public support, while institutional reforms and resolution of power issues were necessary to gain political support. Finally, we briefly discuss implications for the transport planning process in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no SI, 1-12 p.
Keyword [en]
Congestion charging, Elasticity, Long-term effects, Political acceptability, Public acceptability
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71367DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2011.11.001ISI: 000303140900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-83055182083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-71367DiVA: diva2:486698
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note
QC 20120525Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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Börjesson, MariaEliasson, JonasBeser Hugosson, Muriel

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