The Stockholm congestion charges-5 years on. Effects, acceptability and lessons learnt
2012 (English)In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, Vol. 20, no SI, 1-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Congestion charges were introduced in Stockholm in 2006, first as a trial followed by a referendum, then permanently from 2007. This paper discusses what conclusions can be drawn from the first five years of operation, until mid-2011. We show that the traffic reduction caused by the charges has increased slightly over time, once external factors are controlled for. Alternative fuel vehicles were exempt from the charges through 2008, and we show that this substantially increased the sales of such vehicles. We discuss public and political acceptability, synthesising recent research and Swedish experience. We conclude that objective and subjective effects on the traffic system, as well as general environmental and political attitudes, formed the basis of the strong public support, while institutional reforms and resolution of power issues were necessary to gain political support. Finally, we briefly discuss implications for the transport planning process in general.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no SI, 1-12 p.
Congestion charging, Elasticity, Long-term effects, Political acceptability, Public acceptability
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71367DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2011.11.001ISI: 000303140900001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-83055182083OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-71367DiVA: diva2:486698
FunderTrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
QC 201205252012-01-312012-01-312012-06-11Bibliographically approved