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An examination of the environmental attributes associated with pedestrian-vehicular crashes near public schools
National Center for Smart Growth Research and Education, University of Maryland.
2007 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 39, no 4, 708-715 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines pedestrian-vehicular crashes in the vicinity of public schools, the severity of injuries sustained, and their relationship to the physical and social attributes near the schools. Multivariate models of crash severity and crash risk exposure were estimated as a function of social and physical characteristics of the area immediately surrounding schools in Baltimore City, Maryland. Results show that the presence of a driveway or turning bay on the school entrance decreases both crash occurrence and injury severity. Conversely, the presence of recreational facilities on the school site is positively associated with crash occurrence and injury severity of crashes. Findings related to neighborhood characteristics were mixed but the significant variables - transit access, commercial access, and population density - are generally associated with increased pedestrian demand and should be interpreted with care. The results of this study are relevant for Safe Routes to School projects and point to areas meriting further study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 39, no 4, 708-715 p.
Keyword [en]
pedestrian, safety, crash, schools, children, built environment
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71389DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2006.11.003ISI: 000247775800007OAI: diva2:486720
TSC import 342 2012-01-30. QC 20120306Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2012-03-06Bibliographically approved

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Kreamer Fults, Kandice
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