Recent Trends in Travel Behaviour and Passenger Transport Fuel Use: A Comparison of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom
2009 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The transport sector is the largest and fastest growing consumer of energy in Europe, which poses aserious threat to Europe’s climate and environment. Over recent decades, increases in passenger andfreight transport movements have both been responsible for this growth. These trends can be observedin most European countries including the Netherlands and the United Kingdom (UK), where per capitatransport fuel consumption increased by 9% and 4% respectively in the relatively short period between2000 and 2006 (and by 37% and 16% respectively between 1990 and 2006). In many ways, generaltravel patterns in these two countries have not changed substantially during this period: total traveldistance, average travel speed and travel time have all remained fairly constant. What has changed,however, is car occupancy, the type and age of vehicles on the road and the average number of trips,all of which have contributed to changes in energy consumption in the passenger transport sector.In this paper we focus on trends in individual mobility and related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions,which are a close proxy for fuel consumption and total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions fromtransport. National travel data for the Netherlands and the UK from 2000 onwards are used to examinethese trends. We construct a classification of individuals based on their travel patterns and related CO2emissions with the aim of identifying the key socio-economic characteristics of individuals with highand low CO2 emissions. We then examine the extent to which these socio-economic characteristics aresimilar in both countries. Preliminary analyses reveal that in both countries around 10% of thepopulation is responsible for almost half of all CO2 emissions in the passenger transport sector. At theother end of the spectrum, half the population is responsible for only 10-20% of passenger transportrelatedCO2 emissions. Substantial differences in individual transport CO2 emissions are apparentaccording to socio-economic characteristics such as age, gender, income and employment status.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-71443DiVA: diva2:486774
The European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ECEEE) 2009 Summer Study. La Colle sur Loup, France. 1–6 June 2009
TSC import 558 2012-01-30. QC 201205072012-01-312012-01-312012-05-07Bibliographically approved