Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Public attitudes to road user safety in the United Kingdom and their effect on travel behaviour
University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7124-7164
2011 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

As attempts to shift road users to more sustainable travel modes such as cycling or walking tend to be successful the safe interaction between the different road user groups demand attention. Road users need to anticipate each other’s behavior to identify and avoid critical situations. Traffic rules provide standardized information about road user behavior in a given situation. Thus, they create common expectations among all road users. Violating these expectations resp. traffic rules makes critical situations or even accidents more likely (e.g. Parker, West, Stradling & Manstead, 1995). The aim of this study is to compare the psychological background of car drivers, cyclists and pedestrian’s traffic violations. Red light running has been chosen as example since it applies to all three road user groups. The study uses the Theory of Planned Behavior as theoretical framework. The TPB approach has already successfully applied to explain the psychological background of car driver’s traffic violations (e.g. Rößger, Schade, Schlag & Gehlert, 2011). The study is based on data from the German traffic climate panel. This panel regularly monitors public attitudes towards road safety and self-reported traffic behavior. The data stems from the 2010 panel wave. The overall panel sample consists of 1.600 subjects and is representative for household characteristics and travel mode choice in Germany. Red light running was measured for car drivers, cyclists and pedestrians. A traffic situation was described that created a 4dilemma for participants between complying with the red light and accepting inconveniences or violating the red light. Car drivers had to choose between braking sharply at an amber traffic light and driving through. Cyclists had to choose between stopping at an amber traffic light even though the intersection appeared to be free or to cycle through. Pedestrians had to choose between stopping at a red light and missing the bus or going through. Based on the theory of planned behavior attitudes, behavioral and normative beliefs towards red light running, the intention and self-reported red light running were measured. 250 frequent car drivers answered the car driving scenario, 239 frequent cyclists answered the cycling scenario and 617 frequent pedestrians answered the pedestrian scenario.The descriptive results reveal common characteristics of red light running between the three road user groups as well as differences between car drivers, cyclists and pedestrians. The results are further elaborated using multiple regression analyses. The presentation will describe and compare the psychological background of red light running for car drivers, cyclist and pedestrians. If there are distinct psychological backgrounds does it contradict the purpose of traffic rules to create common expectations among road users? And what doesthat mean for the design and implementation of countermeasures? The presentation will discuss these questions and the consequences for safe and sustainable transport in metropolitan areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-71714OAI: diva2:486921
The 9th Biennial Conference on Environmental Psychology, Eindhoven, the Netherlands, 26-28 SEPTEMBER 2011
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives

QC 20120330. QC 20160220

Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2016-02-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Susilo, Yusak
Transport Systems and Logistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 27 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link