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Learner independence and interdependence in online communities of inquiry: The case for teaching presence
2007 (English)In: Exemplary research in distance education, e-learning, and on related competence issues: Selected papers of the 4th EDEN Research Workshop, Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der Universität Oldenburg , 2007, 13, 91-107 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Historically, a core value of distance education has been independent study shaped by oftenrigorous design protocols and support structures of the educational institution. However, morerecently, distance education appears to be in a process of re-examining the teaching and learningprocess. Peters (2002) states that education in general is experiencing a “radical and far-reachingrestructuring process …” (p. 26) and will have a disproportionate effect on distance education.According to Peters (2002), “the digital revolution has already begun and is well underway indistance education” (p. 34). Much of this centers around access and interactivity and “how usefulit is to become members of virtual communities of students” (Peters, 2002, p. 35). What is notclear is the exact nature of these interactions and communities and how these changes will modifythe core value of distance education – learner independence.The core question here is: to what degree should online distance education hold to the ideal ofindependent study? An argument is made for the importance of considering both learner independenceand interdependence in an online learning environment. Evidence is presented regarding theimportance of teaching presence in the determination of the role of online learner, particularly asit relates to independence and interdependence. Novice online learners and their instructors werequestioned regarding their reaction to the experience of being online. Responses were examinedin relation to the perceived need for learner independence and interdependence in onlinecommunities of inquiry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bibliotheks- und Informationssystem der Universität Oldenburg , 2007, 13. 91-107 p.
National Category
Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72219OAI: diva2:487303
4th EDEN Research Workshop. Castelldefels, Spain. 25-28 October, 2006
QC 20120516Available from: 2012-01-31 Created: 2012-01-31 Last updated: 2012-05-16Bibliographically approved

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Cleveland-Innes, Marta
Computer and Information Science

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