Are future renewable energy targets consistent with current planning perspectives?
2011 (English)In: Environmental Economics, ISSN 1998-6041, Vol. 2, no 2, 93-206 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Local examples of how renewable energy targets can be fulfilled in the transport sector without compromising individualmobility will be critical as we approach peak-oil and tougher emission caps in the future. Globally, frontier cities that demonstratebest practice solutions might have an advantage when the situation becomes more acute and the urge for disseminatingknow-how between cities increases. The issue is complex, since sustainable traffic planning and renewable energy supplyneed to encompass a multi-stakeholder process, involving potential shifts in individual travel behavior, the development offuture vehicle technologies, and requirements on more efficient energy supply chains. One prediction can be made: the transitionto a non-carbon society will place immense pressure on the limited, solar, wind and bio energy assets.One attempt to create a local sustainable city district with zero net contribution to fossil fuel emissions is the ‘StockholmRoyal Seaport’ (SRS) in Sweden. Here, many of the key elements of a sustainable transport system are beingplanned for, such as optimum public transport provision, optimal biking/walking conditions, condensed city planningwith a mixture of dwellings and office buildings equipped with virtual meeting technologies. Given this assumed‘ideal’ situation for a sustainable transport system and the long-term target of 100% renewable energy use by 2030, thisstudy analyzes the questions: ‘Is this target within reach, assuming various levels of more sustainable travel patterns?’and if not, ‘What else is needed in order to meet target fulfilment?”The analysis, which is based on a combined forecasting/backcasting approach, comes to the conclusion that eventhough the SRS district in many respects could be regarded as ‘ideal’ for target fulfilment and bio-fuel assets in Swedenare favourable, feasible strategies to actually meet the requirements for a non-fossil energy supply are lackingunless the limits on the proportion of renewable energy assets allocated to transport are exceeded. These conclusionswill hopefully work as an eye-opener on current planning perspectives and feed the discussion on how to guide developmenttowards meeting the unavoidable renewable energy targets that must be fulfilled.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sumy, Ukraine: 'Business Perspectives' Publishing Company , 2011. Vol. 2, no 2, 93-206 p.
renewable, energy, target, backcasting forecasting, sustainable, planning, bio-fuel, travel behavior
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72258OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-72258DiVA: diva2:487403
QC 201202012012-01-312012-01-312012-10-24Bibliographically approved