Multinational Enterprises, Spillovers, Innovation and Productivity
2004 (English)Report (Other academic)
Recent debate has focused on the importance of corporate governance, localization of headquarters, foreign direct investments, externalities and key actors in national innovation systems and productivity. This study explores whether foreign-owned multinational firms differ systematically from domestic firms in terms of R&D-investments, transmission of technological knowledge and economic performance. The econometric analysis is based on a sample of 1 197 firm-level observations in Sweden, of which approximately a third from firms with foreign owners. The main finding is that domestic multinational firms are distinct from Nordic, Anglo-Saxon and European and other groups of corporate owners in terms of R&D investments and embeddedness in scientific, vertical and horizontal innovation systems. However, the advantage of higher R&D intensity and possible knowledge technological knowledge spillover does not manifest itself in superior innovation output or productivity performance. Our tentative explanation is that domestic multinationals are using the home country for developing technological capacity that is subsequently exploited in affiliates abroad. Correspondingly, the innovation and productivity performance in foreign multinationals are partly returns on activities created in their home countries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CECIS, KTH Royal Institute of Technology , 2004. , 40 p.
CESIS Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, 22
Multinational Enterprises, Spillovers, R&D, Innovation, Productivity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72461OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-72461DiVA: diva2:487618
QC 201202082012-02-082012-01-312012-02-08Bibliographically approved