Dicarboxylic acids and ketoacids formed in degradable polyethylenes by zip depolymerisation through a cyclic transition state
1997 (English)In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 30, 7721-7728 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The intermediate and final degradation products formed in six different low-density polyethylene (LDPE) films modified with either starch and/or pro-oxidants or photosensitizers (Scott-Gilead formulation [SG]) were investigated. We propose that dicarboxylic acids and ketoacids, formed in the materials to varying degrees, are due to both secondary oxidation products and a zip depolymerization mechanism by backbiting through a cyclic transition state. Hydrocarbons, ketones, carboxylic acids and dicarboxylic acids are formed during early stages of photo-oxidation, and the ketones disappeared while several ketoacids appeared and the relative amount of dicarboxylic acids increased in the most severely degraded materials. During prolonged photo-oxidation, additional oxidation of ketones and monocarboxylic acids to dicarboxylic acids explains the high amount of dicarboxylic acids. In the thermooxidized samples the amount of ketones and monocarboxylic acids remained high even in the most degraded samples. Mono-and dicarboxylic acids were formed in several micrograms per 100 mg of polymer, while the ketones and ketoacids were formed in fewer micrograms per 100 mg of polymer. LDPE modified with the iron dimethyldithiocarbamate (SG1) was the most susceptible material to photooxidation, while LDPE containing starch and pro-oxidants (LDPE-MB) was the most susceptible material to thermo-oxidation. Degraded LDPE-MB demonstrated less formation of degradation products; e.g., only in UV-initiated samples thermally degraded at 80 degrees C for 5 weeks could degradation products be detected. Larger amounts of ketones and ketoacids were formed in the SG materials than in the starch-filled materials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 30, 7721-7728 p.
POLYETHYLENE, PHOTOOXIDATION; DEGRADATION PRODUCTS
Polymer Technologies Polymer Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-72653DiVA: diva2:487899
NR 201408052012-02-012012-02-012012-09-14Bibliographically approved