Solid phase microextraction (SPME) as an effective means to isolate degradation products in polymers
1997 (English)In: Journal of environmental polymer degradation, ISSN 1064-7546, Vol. 5, 67-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A new sample preparation technique, solid phase microextraction (SPME), was compared with direct headspace-GC-MS with respect to the type and amount of identified compounds. Three types of LDPE films containing photosensitising additives according to the Scott-Gilead patents and pure LDPE were used as model substances. The polyethylene films were thermally aged at 80 degrees C after the induction period was surpassed by subjecting the materials to 100 h of UV radiation. The new SPME method was developed using nonpolar poly(dimethylsiloxane) and polar carbowax fibers to extract the low molecular weight products formed in the polyethylene films during aging. Many more products were identified after SPME followed by CC-MS than after direct headspace-GC-MS of the samples. The SPME method allowed the identification of homologous series of carboxylic acids, ketones, and furanones, while direct headspace-GC-MS identified only a few carboxylic acids (C1-C6) and small amounts of some ketones and furanones. In general, SPME was more effective in extracting less volatile products, and in particular, the polar carbowax fiber identified also C7-C12 carboxylic acids and 4-oxopentanoic acid. By SEC and FTIR we confirmed that the number and amount of former degradation products correlated well with the decrease in molecular weights and the amount of formed carbonyl compounds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 5, 67-73 p.
SPME, Polymer, Polyethylene, Oxidation, Degradation products
Polymer Technologies Polymer Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-72654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-72654DiVA: diva2:487902
NR 201408052012-02-012012-02-012012-09-14Bibliographically approved