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Tracer attenuation in groundwater
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Resources Engineering.
2011 (English)In: Water resources research, ISSN 0043-1397, E-ISSN 1944-7973, Vol. 47, no 12, W12541- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The self-purifying capacity of aquifers strongly depends on the attenuation of waterborne contaminants, i.e.,irreversible loss of contaminant mass on a given scale as a result of coupled transport and transformation processes. A general formulation of tracer attenuation in groundwater is presented. Basic sensitivities of attenuation to macrodispersion and retention are illustrated for a few typical retention mechanisms. Tracer recovery is suggested as an experimental proxy for attenuation. Unique experimental data of tracer recovery in crystalline rock compare favorably with the theoretical model that is based on diffusion-controlled retention. Non-Fickian hydrodynamic transport has potentially a large impact on field-scale attenuation of dissolved contaminants.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 47, no 12, W12541- p.
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-75539DOI: 10.1029/2011WR010999ISI: 000298757200002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84855453822OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-75539DiVA: diva2:490769
Note
QC 20120206Available from: 2012-02-06 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved

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