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Relationships between Open Source Software Companies and Communities: Observations from Nordic Firms
Department of Innovation Engineering and Management, Chalmers University of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6024-7908
2005 (English)In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 34, no 4, 481-493 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the relationships between firms and communities in open source software (OSS). A particular feature of OSS is that important resources are not directly controlled by firms, but partly reside within communities that co-exist with the firms. Despite this, firms explicitly try to utilize the resources within these communities in order to create and appropriate value. Consequently, the relationships that firms have to these communities influence their way of doing business. Based on case studies of Nordic OSS firms, a typology consisting of symbiotic, commensalistic, and parasitic approaches to handle the firm-community relationship is developed. Depending on the chosen approach, firms encounter different managerial issues and also use different operational means of subtle control. While firms relying on a symbiotic approach have greater possibility to influence the community through subtle means of control, they are also confronted with more challenging managerial issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 34, no 4, 481-493 p.
Keyword [en]
communities, relationships, open source software
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-76199DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2005.02.003ISI: 000229646000006OAI: diva2:490966
QC 20120305Available from: 2012-02-06 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2012-03-05Bibliographically approved

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