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Alternative Definitions of Passing Critical Gaps
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.
2011 (English)In: Transportation Research Record, ISSN 0361-1981, no 2260, 76-82 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A substantial proportion of the road network in most countries consists of two-lane highways. Available gaps for passing are a fundamental element in the operation of such highways. Providing passing opportunities is important for reducing the formation of vehicle platoons in the traffic flow, increasing the level of service, and improving safety. Passing opportunities also affect fuel consumption and emissions. Despite the importance of passing on two-lane highways, few studies have focused on exploring passing gap definitions when modeling passing behavior. Research was done to investigate various definitions of passing gaps, and these definitions were used to develop passing gap acceptance models. Data on passing maneuvers collected with a driving simulator were used to develop and calibrate three models. The generic structure of these models was composed of the drivers' desire to pass and their gap acceptance decisions. The impact of traffic characteristics, road geometry, and driver characteristics was included in these models. The results show that the passing gap definition has a significant impact on the models' ability to explain passing behavior. Moreover, the estimation results show that modeling a driver's desire to pass the vehicle ahead has a statistically significant contribution in explaining passing behavior. Variables that capture the impact of the traffic conditions, geometric characteristics of the road section, driver characteristics, and the unobserved heterogeneity in the driver population were found to have a significant impact on drivers' desire to pass and their gap acceptance decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. no 2260, 76-82 p.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-76792DOI: 10.3141/2260-09ISI: 000300753000009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84856639759OAI: diva2:491164
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
TSC import 882 2012-02-06. Updated from accepted to published. QC 20120319Available from: 2012-02-06 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2012-06-11Bibliographically approved

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