Mode shift as a measure to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
2012 (English)In: Transport Research Arena 2012, Elsevier, 2012, 3187-3197 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Forecasts indicate that it is not possible to reduce total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from transport to fulfil the target of two degrees global warming with technology means alone. It is possible to reduce GHG-emissions for all modes but still rail will be the most efficient mode by 2050. Rail has a modest market share in the EU in comparison with 'best practice' rail systems in the world. There is a big potential if the rail system is developed with new high speed rail and freight corridors as well as an upgraded conventional network and intermodal systems. This paper presents an estimation of the effects of a partial mode shift to rail transport applying world's 'best practice' by the year 2050. It is shown that such a mode shift to rail can reduce EU transport GHG emissions over land by about 20 %, compared with a baseline scenario. In combination with low-carbon electricity production a reduction of about 30 % may be achieved. A developed rail system can thus substantially contribute to the EU target of reducing GHG emissions in the transport sector by 60 % below 1990 levels. To enable such a mode shift and to manage the demand for capacity, there is a need of investments. This will also maintain and increase mobility for passengers and freight transport.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. 3187-3197 p.
, Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428 ; 48
Mode shift, greenhouse gas, GHG, rail, passenger transport, freight transport, infrastructure investment, EC white paper
Transport Systems and Logistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77005DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.1285ISI: 000314227503024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-77005DiVA: diva2:491381
Conference on Transport Research Arena Location: Athens, Greece Date: APR 23-26, 2012
QC 201301112012-02-062012-02-062013-03-18Bibliographically approved