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Costs and benefits of the European directive on road tolling interoperability
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1789-9238
2013 (English)In: Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, ISSN 0968-090X, Vol. 30, 221-238 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pricing of road use in the form of tolls, congestion charges, kilometre tax and other similar schemes, is becoming increasingly common. Each toll road operator has so far decided on its own how to design and implement systems for collecting road user charges, causing a plethora of system and scheme designs. As a measure to reduce the drawbacks of such differences, the European Union has passed legislation aiming at making available interoperable road charging services, valid across all charging systems a vehicle might pass during a European journey. This legislation is setting the bar high, requiring that virtually every charging system in the Union be covered. We analyse the costs and benefits caused by this regulation, and if an adjusted regulation can improve these results. We conclude that the new legislation yields a social loss ranging from 100 to just above 500 million Euros annually. Policy suggestions to improve this result are also provided.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 30, 221-238 p.
Keyword [en]
Road user charging, Road pricing, Interoperability, Cost-benefit analysis, Harmonisation, Standards
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77243DOI: 10.1016/j.trc.2011.09.009ISI: 000318387500016OAI: diva2:491467

QC 20130610

Available from: 2012-02-06 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2013-06-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Much has been researched and written about road pricing, and especially how it affects traffic flow, congestion, the environment, and social welfare in general. This doctoral thesis analyses the implementation of road user charges rather than its effects. The dissertation consists of five separate papers, each addressing a subset of the topic. The first paper sheds light on the costs to introduce congestion taxes in Stockholm, and describes how public opinion and political risk lead to a system design that in all likelihood was more expensive than necessary. In the second paper the European regulation on interoperability between road charging system is evaluated from a benefit/cost perspective, which is found to be overly ambitious. Paper three builds upon the second, and suggests a general model for how costs and benefits interact in the case of road charging interoperability. Inpaper four a potential solution is presented for how the practical problems related to enforcement of road charging in an international context or in countries with weak institutions. The fifth and final paper analyses the public opinion of road charges, and especially urban congestion charges, using a survey conducted simultaneously in three European cities.

Abstract [sv]

Mycket har forskats och skrivits kring vägavgifter, och framför allt hur de påverkar trafikströmmar, trängsel, miljö och samhällsnytta. Denna sammanläggningsavhandling analyserar införande av vägavgifter snarare än dess effekter. Avhandlingen består av fem uppsatser som var och en tar sig an en delmängd av området. Den första uppsatsen belyser kostnaderna för införande av trängselskatter i Stockholm, och beskriver hur opinion och politisk risk ledde till en systemdesign som troligen var mer kostsam än nödvändigt. I den andra uppsatsen utvärderas den europeiska lagstiftningen för interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem ifrån ett nytto/kostnads-perspektiv, och finner den alltför ambitiös. Uppsats tre bygger vidare på den andra och föreslår en generell modell för hur kostnader och nyttor samverkar avseende interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem. I uppsats fyra presenteras en möjlig lösning på hur de praktiska problemen med beivrande av vägavgifter i ett internationellt sammanhang eller i länder med svaga institutioner kan lösas. Den avslutande femte uppsatsenanalyserar allmänhetens attityder till vägavgifter, framför allt urbana trängselavgifter, med hjälp av en enkätundersökning som genomförts samtidigt i tre europeiska städer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. xxix p.
Trita-TSC-PHD, 12:002
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102755 (URN)978-91-85539-92-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-10-05, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives

QC 20120925

Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Hamilton, CarlEliasson, Jonas
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