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A general method to determine ionization constants of responsive polymer thin films
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 365, no 1, 178-183 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A general method has been developed to determine the ionization constants of polymer thin films based on the stimuli-responsiveness of the polymer. Robust polymer films were fabricated on silicon wafers and gold slides using perfluorophenyl azide (PFPA) as the coupling agent. The ionization constants were measured by a number of techniques including ellipsometry, dynamic contact angle goniometry, and surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi). Using poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P4VP) as the model system. P4VP thin films were fabricated and the ionization constants of the films were measured taking advantage of the pH responsive property of the polymer. The pK(a) determined by ellipsometry, similar to 4.0, reflects the swelling of the polymer film in response to pH. The pKa value calculated from the dynamic contact angle measurements, similar to 5.0, relies on the change in hydrophilicity/hydrophobicity of the films as the polymer undergoes protonation/deprotonation. The pK(a) value measured by SPRi, similar to 4.9, monitors in situ the change of refractive index of the polymer thin film as it swells upon protonation. This was the first example where SPRi was used to measure the ionization constants of polymers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 365, no 1, 178-183 p.
Keyword [en]
Polymer thin films, Covalent immobilization, Ionization constant, Poly(4-vinylpyridine), Contact angle titration, Surface plasmon resonance imaging
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77343DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2011.08.081ISI: 000296401300024OAI: diva2:491982

QC 20130506

Available from: 2012-02-07 Created: 2012-02-06 Last updated: 2013-07-19Bibliographically approved

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Yan, Mingdi
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