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Heart rate variability in infants with apparent life-threatening events.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Ergonomics. (Ergonomi)
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2000 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 89, no 11, 1326-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Heart rate variability (HRV) is often used as an index of sympatho-vagal balance. A decreased HRV has been observed in patients with central hypoventilation and in infants who have later succumbed to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether HRV is altered in infants with apparent life-threatening events (ALTE), a group with an increased risk of SIDS. Fifty infants with ALTE were compared with 50 age- and sex-matched controls. ECG was recorded overnight in all infants. Two sequences of RR intervals free of artefacts were selected from each sleep state and spectral analysis of RR variability was performed. The mean and SD of RR and the low (LFPow) and high (HFPow) frequency power were analysed. In active sleep (AS) the LF/HF ratio was lower in ALTE infants, but no differences were seen in either the LFPow or the HFPow. In quiet sleep (QS), however, ALTE infants had higher SD-RR (p = 0.006), greater HFPow (p = 0.02) and VLFPow (very low frequency power, p = 0.02) than the control infants. The same results were seen when the two sleep states were combined for analysis, ALTE infants had higher SD-RR (p = 0.004), HFPow (p = 0.006) and VLFPow (p = 0.04). Conclusion: The different HRV pattern in ALTE infants compared to healthy controls suggests an altered autonomic control.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 89, no 11, 1326-9 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77559PubMedID: 11106044OAI: diva2:492013
NR 20140805Available from: 2012-02-07 Created: 2012-02-07 Last updated: 2012-02-12Bibliographically approved

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