Energy Potential of Coconut and Palm Oil Residues: Selected Case Studies from Latin America and Small Island Developing States
(English)In: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy ReviewsArticle in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Agricultural residues continue to attract interest for energy recovery purposes as a renewable, CO2 neutral and increasingly cost competitive alternative to traditional fossil fuels. The possibility of trigeneration in already established industries such as palm oil mills and coconut processing plants is very attractive especially when residues that otherwise represent a disposal problem can be utilized efficiently. Different technological scenarios for the production of electricity, process heat and biodiesel are analyzed using coconut and palm oil residues. Environmental aspects are also included in the analysis. Studies were conducted considering various scenarios to evaluate the feasibility of using these residues for energy purposes. The residues were considered to be combusted directly in steam boilers while steam turbines were used to generate electricity. Biodiesel is produced by transesterification of palm oil/coconut oil. The required process heat for palm oil or coconut oil processing as well as the steam required for biodiesel production is supplied by the combustion of the residues. The results show that palm oil mills/coconut processing industries can be independent of fossil fuels. Furthermore, they can contribute positively to the energy balance of the communities by helping reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and reducing simultaneously greenhouse gas emissions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-77973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-77973DiVA: diva2:492233
QCR 201606202012-02-072012-02-072016-06-20Bibliographically approved