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Swedish resource potential from residues and energy crops to enhance biogas generation
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4321-6894
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7123-1824
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9905-8824
2013 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 21, 298-314 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper verifies the plausibility of existing assessments of the biogas potential in Sweden and whether a target of 1.1 TWh of biogas for transport, as per defined by Swedish authorities, can be met within the next ten years. We estimate that the Swedish resource potential for biogas generation from residues and energy crops amounts to 8.86 TWh in the midterm, equivalent to around 9% of the current domestic transport energy consumption. A large share of this potential remains unrealized and there is uncertainty regarding the existing resource potential, especially concerning energy crops. Nevertheless, the remaining biogas potential can make an important contribution to meet targets of an increased share of renewables in transport.  The study concludes that not only it is possible to meet the increased demand expected for gas in transport until 2020 but the existing potential could justify more ambitious goals than presently set by Swedish authorities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 21, 298-314 p.
Keyword [en]
Biogas resource potential, Swedish vehicle gas, renewable energy
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-78238DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.12.024ISI: 000317537100025Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84873296829OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-78238DiVA: diva2:492412
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency
Note

QC 20120328

Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Biogas in Swedish transport – a policy-driven systemic transition
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biogas in Swedish transport – a policy-driven systemic transition
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis analyzes the conditions for biogas in the Swedish transport sector. Biogas can contribute to the achievement of Sweden’s ambitious targets of decreased emissions of greenhouse gases and an increased share of renewables in the transport sector, a sector that encompasses the major challenges in the phase-out of fossil fuels.

Biogas development has stagnated during recent years and there are several factors that have contributed to this. The use of biogas in transport has developed in niches strongly affected by policy instruments and in this thesis, the progress is understood as a policy-driven systemic transition. Biogas has (started to) become established at the regime level and has begun to replace fossil fuels. The major obstacles for continued biogas development are found to be the stagnated vehicle gas demand, the low predictability of Swedish policy instruments, and electric car development. Moreover, the current prolonged period of low oil prices has also contributed to a lack of top-down pressure.

A large share of the cheap and easily accessible feedstock for conventional biogas production is already utilized and an increased use of vehicle gas could enable a commercial introduction of forest-derived methane. However, the technologies to produce forest-derived methane are still not commercial, although there are industrial actors with technological know-how.

Future biogas development depends on how the policy framework develops. Policy makers should consider the dynamics of biogas as a young sociotechnical system where different system fronts develop at a varying pace. Currently the demand side is lagging behind. However, it is necessary to maintain predictable policy support throughout the entire biogas value chain, since the system fronts that lag can vary over time. The low predictability of Swedish policy instruments indicates that policy makers should exercise care in their design to create a more robust policy framework moving forward.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. 90 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2017:27
Keyword
Transport biofuels, Biogas, Forest-derived methane, Policy, Actors, Multilevel perspective, Barriers and incentives, Biogas production potential
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Research subject
Chemical Engineering; Industrial Engineering and Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-206578 (URN)978-91-7729-389-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-09, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20170508

Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-05 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Lönnqvist, TomasSilveira, SemidaSanches-Pereira, Alessandro

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