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Nitrox permits direct exit for attendants during extended hyperbaric oxygen treatment
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Environmental Physiology.
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2012 (English)In: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine, ISSN 1066-2936, Vol. 39, no 1, 605-612 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Intermittent breathing of oxygen-enriched air, nitrox (1:1 air:oxygen, 60.5%O-2), for attendants in multiplace hyperbaric chambers should enable treatment protocols (HOPAN hyperbaric oxygen protocol attendants' nitrox) of up to 200 minutes at 2.8 atmospheres absolute (ATA), while retaining the option of a direct decompression and exit.Methods: HOPAN with cycles of 15 minutes of nitrox breathing followed by 10 minutes of chamber air for attendants were occasionally used from 2007-2009. HOPAN vs. LTP (local treatment protocols) were evaluated via an anonymous enquiry among attendants; patients' medical records were followed six months post-HBO2 treatment (HBO2T).Results: 88 HOPANs, with 59 chamber attendants assisting 30 patients, were documented. HOPAN duration ranged from 55-167 minutes (median 140 minutes). 31/59 attendants answered the enquiry. Perceived comfort of each protocol (HOPAN vs. LTP) by attendants was reported as equal. Symptoms, both minor (parestesias) and severe (joint pain), were reported in connection with LTP, while only one occurrence (mild joint pain) was reported in connection with HOPAN. No complications were documented among the attendants or the patients. It is suggested that nitrox breathing for chamber attendants provide flexible HBO2T for patients at 2.8 ATA for up to 200 minutes within no-decompression limits, facilitating future studies of HBO2T dosage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 39, no 1, 605-612 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-79149ISI: 000299988100006ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84858039350OAI: diva2:495184

QC 20130506

Available from: 2012-02-08 Created: 2012-02-08 Last updated: 2013-05-06Bibliographically approved

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