This is a study of what quality of life the city is offering families with children. A substantial part of the Swedish population, of fertile age groups, lives in cities, where a dwelling could be very expensive. Families' residential conditions are supposed to strongly affect their quality of life, and, in the end, the rate of fertility. A sample of blocks of different of urban design in Stockholm will be studied, regarding what qualities the design of dwellings and urban areas can offer in the daily life of households with children. The study will be carried out partly by a survey, to gather background data to be analysed by statistical methods, partly by qualitative methods such as interviews, mind-maps and self-administered photo documentation of the neighbourhood. The project has a gender perspective as the internal decision processes of households, and thereby gender differences in how the near environment is valued, are objects of study. The results will be an overview of the actual dwelling situation of families with children on a tough housing market, as well as a series of examples of more or less suitable environments for their daily life. Based on these results, the complicated relationships between people's experiences, actions and the design of the built environment will be discussed. Conclusions will facilitate the evaluation of outcomes of different planning measures, for example regarding making problem areas more attractive.