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Study of geometry effects in torsional rheometry of fibre suspensionsIs The “Creative Class” Necessarily Urban?
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Lightweight Structures.
2004 (English)In: Rheologica Acta, ISSN 0035-4511, E-ISSN 1435-1528, Vol. 44, no 1, 29-37 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work concerns the problem of measuring the viscosity of a suspension of fibres that are not short compared to the dimensions of the measurement device. We have examined various geometry effects in shear using parallel-plate and cone-and-plate configurations. Steady state viscosity, transient viscosity and first normal stress difference have been studied. Silicone oil with milled glass fibres at 8 vol.% was used as a model fibre suspension. The conventional parallel-plate geometry exhibits a significant gap dependence of the apparent viscous response. Too small gaps constrain the fibre rotations, thus lowering the initial stress peak and delaying the development of steady state. Too large gaps lead to a loss of liquid at the sample perimeter, which reduces the apparent steady state viscosity. The steady state response, however, seems to be correct for gaps in the range 1-2 mm when the maximum fibre length is 1.5 mm. The cone-and-plate geometry is less sensitive to large gaps. Too small a gap at the (truncated) cone apex leads to anomalous response due to bridging of the gap by fibres. The use of unusually large plates (100 mm diameter) and different cone angles and truncations was explored. It was shown that cone-and-plate configurations of large diameter and large truncation can effectively decrease the geometry disturbances both due to fibre bridging at the cone apex and loss of liquid at the edge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 44, no 1, 29-37 p.
Keyword [en]
Cone and plate, Edge effect, Fibre suspensions, Geometry effect, Parallel plate, rheometry, suspension, viscosity
National Category
Applied Mechanics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80039DOI: 10.1007/s00397-004-0363-xISI: 000226304700003OAI: diva2:496041

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Available from: 2012-02-09 Created: 2012-02-09 Last updated: 2015-06-29Bibliographically approved

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