Crack formation due to weathering of radial and tangential sections of pine and spruce
2006 (English)In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, Vol. 1, no 1, 12-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The development of cracks and changes in appearance have been investigated on radial and tangential sections of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and spruce (Picea abies Karst.) after exposure outdoors for 61 months. The degradation of the sections has also been studied at the micro-level. The annual ring orientation was the most important factor affecting crack development on weathering. After 61 months of outdoor exposure, the tangential sections of spruce had 1.7–2.2 times greater mean total crack length per area unit than the corresponding radial sections. In pine, the total crack length per area unit on the tangential sections was 2.2–2.6 times greater than that on the radial sections. Tangential and radial sections show the same colour change as a result of weathering. Tangential sections have more and deeper cracks than radial surfaces. The cracks on the tangential sections occur frequently in both earlywood and latewood. On radial sections, cracks occur primarily at the annual ring borders, but to a certain extent also in the earlywood. Decomposition of the cell wall takes place in both radial and tangential cell walls, and cracks tend to follow the fibril orientation in the S2-layer of the cell wall. The radial cell wall of the earlywood has a large number of pits which are degraded at an early stage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 1, no 1, 12-20 p.
Composite Science and Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80487DOI: 10.1080/17480270600644407OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-80487DiVA: diva2:496360
QC 201205292012-02-092012-02-092012-05-29Bibliographically approved