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Probabilistic Analyses of Thermal Induced Cracking in a Concrete Buttress Dam
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Concrete Structures.
Vattenfall Power Consultant.
Vattenfall Power Consultant.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8000-6781
Lund University, Building Materials.
2011 (English)In: Risk Analysis, Dam Safety, Dam Security and Critical Infrastructure Management / [ed] Ignacio Escuder-bueno, Enrique Matheu, Luis Altarejos-garcfa, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Recent assessments and investigations of buttress dams in northern Sweden reveal several types of cracks. The theoretical analysis and field measurements have showed that the most of the cracks are either developed or propagated as a result of the seasonal temperature variations. Cracks influence the behaviour of the dams in different ways, such as reducing the tightness of the dam and increasing the hydraulic pressure within the material/structure. Furthermore, cracks may have an impact on the stiffness and stability of the dam. The ordinary sliding and overturning stability analyses are not sufficient when the supporting structure is cracked. The cracks may comprise the integrity and the homogeneity of the structure. A cracked, and for that matter even repaired structure, can’t be regarded as a homogenous structure and should be treated accordingly. Consequently, other types of models instead of the conventional design models should be utilized for the stability analyses of the cracked and repaired dams.

The mode of the failure is one of the decisive elements considering determination of the probability of the failure. The conditions for crack initiation and the trajectory of the crack propagation are the decisive factors which govern the failure mode. Ordinary design methods and advanced numerical models which are based on the elastic behaviour of the structure can’t be utilized, since these models are not able to describe the non-linear behaviour and to predict the failure mode of the structure.

A finite-element model based on non-linear fracture mechanics is being utilized to study crack development in a buttress dam. The aim of the study was to reveal crack trajectories and different probable failure modes, and moreover to determine the influences of the cracks on the overall behaviour of the structure. In a real structure the loading (mechanical and environmental) and boundary conditions are decisive factors regarding initiation, propagation and trajectory of the cracks. Furthermore, the material properties and their statistical distribution may influence the formation of cracks and the mode of failure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-80681OAI: diva2:496625
3rd International Week on Risk Analysis, Dam Safety, Dam Security, and Critical Infrastructure Management, October 17-21, 2011. Valencia, Spain
QC 20120330Available from: 2012-02-10 Created: 2012-02-10 Last updated: 2014-02-19Bibliographically approved

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